Prostate disease treatment

Diagnosis, treatment and prevention / Urology

The most common diseases of the prostate are its enlargement, inflammation or cancer. Prostate enlargement is a very common condition in men, and prostate cancer is the most common tumor in elderly men.


Prostate enlargement is accompanied by troubles urinating. Most commonly, frequent interrupted urination is seen, an urge to urinate or night urination are also frequently reported. The efforts made to void the bladder lead to further enlargement. In addition, there is always some urine staying in the bladder that may lead to infection of the urinary tract.

The symptoms of prostate cancer in its initial phase are often similar to those of an enlarged prostate. Therefore, it is difficult to diagnose, which leads to metastasis passed to lymph nodes, the pelvis and the vertebral column. They may manifest as chronic pain. Prostate cancer grows very slowly which is why older men often die of other causes.

An enlarged prostate often leads to inflammation already at a younger age. It has, in particular, general symptoms like fever or chills, frequent painful urination, pressure in the hypogastrium and insufficient erection.


The main cause of prostate enlargement are enlarged glands and muscles caused by increased efforts to urinate. The initial cause is not quite clear; it is assumed that sexual hormones are at play.

Cancer growth is affected by an overall life style, stress level, nutrition and environment but also diseases of the urinary tract, hereditary effects and a number of other factors which can be influenced to a greater or lesser degree.

Prostate inflammation is usually caused by urethral infection (e.g. accompanying gonorrhea). Chilling of the body, distant infections and sexual excesses may also contribute to chronic inflammation.


Prostate cancer and enlargement are treated by surgery or hormones. To select the most suitable treatment for prostate cancer its size and location has to be considered, as well as the overall health of the patient. Inflammation is treated by antibiotics, hormones and anti-inflammatory drugs. Also, regime measures such as rest, no sexual activity, application of warmth and warm sitting baths may also be helpful.


The overall life style is very important to prevent prostate cancer. No smoking and avoiding rooms where people smoke, a healthy balanced diet and regular physical activity are among the recommended measures. It is also suitable to perform regular sexual activity, of course, avoiding frequent changes of sexual partners who may represent the risk of infection. It is also important to reduce the risk of inflammatory diseases - avoiding sitting in cold places. Should infection develop it is necessary to get professional treatment.

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